The hottest information industry from emerging ind

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Information Industry: from emerging industry to the first pillar editor's note: since the reform and opening up, especially in the past decade, Shanghai has actively promoted the growth of the information industry into a comprehensive industrial category covering secondary and tertiary industries in accordance with the strategic deployment of giving priority to the development of the information industry by the state and the requirements of adjusting and optimizing the industrial structure of the city, making it a leap from emerging industry to Shanghai's "first pillar industry"

Three big steps have been taken in the past 30 years. From the late 1970s to the early 1990s, the information industry as an emerging industry has been actively promoted

in 1978 and 1988, Shanghai launched two major projects in the city, promoting the construction of information industry projects including large-scale integrated circuits, program-controlled switching equipment, small and microcomputer, color picture tubes and supporting equipment, optical fiber communication equipment, etc; Through the introduction of advanced technologies in the fields of communication equipment, computers, electronic components and other fields, as well as the establishment of the first batch of domestic Sino foreign joint ventures in the field of information industry, such as Shanghai Bell, Shanghai Beiling microelectronics Jinan experimental machine factory steel wire hydraulic universal experimental machine project detection method sub, the level of industrial production technology and equipment technology has reached a new level. By 1990, the total output value of the information industry had reached 5.77 billion yuan and the sales revenue was 5.62 billion yuan. Shanghai has become one of the domestic communication equipment manufacturing centers and an important base for microcomputer manufacturing

In the 1990s, the information industry entered a stage of accelerated development and gradually became an independent industrial system

communication equipment manufacturing has been included in the six pillar industries in Shanghai, computers and large-scale integrated circuits have been included in the three high-tech industries actively developed in Shanghai, and communication, information consulting and other industries have become the tertiary industry that Shanghai focuses on. The municipal Party committee and the municipal government focused on the implementation of special support policies in the fields of communications, computers, etc., especially taking the opportunity of the development and opening up of Pudong to strengthen the opening up, which attracted Intel, HP, NEC and other companies to invest in Shanghai, and the scale of foreign capital utilization increased rapidly. From 1990 to 1998, the total output value of electronic information products manufacturing industry increased seven times. By 1999, Shanghai had basically formed a large-scale information industry system with microelectronics, communication equipment, vacuum devices and audio-visual products as the main body, with the total output value and profits accounting for 1/7 and 1/5 of the country respectively; The market share of major electronic information products such as integrated circuits, program-controlled exchanges, optical fibers, color tubes, etc. is among the highest in China; Marked by the establishment of a number of professional software companies, the information service industry has started to become one of the most potential economic growth points

3. Since the beginning of this century, the information industry has developed in an all-round way and jumped to the "first pillar industry" in Shanghai

in early 2001, the Shanghai municipal Party committee and government made a decision to comprehensively promote information construction, listed the information industry as the first of the six pillar industries to be vigorously developed in the city's "Tenth Five Year Plan", and further emphasized the development of the information industry. If it is because of the viscosity angle of oil, it is indeed the integrated circuit, software and Internet information service industry. Shanghai seized the opportunity of the global information industry transfer, gathered a number of well-known IT enterprises and R & D institutions at home and abroad, and formed an overall layout in which the central urban area is dominated by information services such as software and Internet services, and the urban-rural fringe and suburban industrial parks are dominated by electronic information product manufacturing

from 1999 to 2007, the total scale of Shanghai's information industry increased from 77.5 billion yuan to 741.7 billion yuan, ranking third in China, of which the sales revenue of electronic information products manufacturing industry increased from 61.72 billion yuan to 591.48 billion yuan, and the operating revenue of software and information services industry increased from 15.77 billion yuan to 150.23 billion yuan; The industrial added value increased from 24.64 billion yuan to 165.13 billion yuan, accounting for 13.8% of the city's GDP from 6.1%, ranking the "first pillar industry" of the city for four consecutive years; In 2007, the export volume of information products reached 53billion US dollars, accounting for 37% of the total export volume of the city

the small panel control system with leading manufacturers in key areas in China still has many remarkable skills. The sales revenue of the integrated circuit industry has maintained an average annual growth rate of 44% since 2001, reaching 38.95 billion yuan in 2007, accounting for 40% of the country. The software industry has developed from a scientific research project to an industrial category with a certain scale. The annual operating income has increased by more than 50% annually since 2000. In 2007, the operating income and export volume reached 80.2 billion yuan and 1.185 billion US dollars respectively, accounting for 1/8 and 1/6 of the country respectively. In addition, the output of notebook computers in Shanghai accounts for about 40% of the global output

the development environment of information industry has been continuously optimized. More than 20 national and municipal information industry bases and parks have been built, which have played an important role in industrial agglomeration; 700000 employees in the information industry account for about 7.7% of the city's employed population

the "going out" of Shanghai IT enterprises is no longer limited to the export of products and services, but has entered a new stage of establishing production and R & D bases overseas and financing in overseas capital markets. A total of 20 information service enterprises in the city are listed at home and abroad. 41 of the global top 500 IT enterprises have set up regional headquarters, R & D centers or transnational procurement centers in Shanghai

local policies have taken the lead

the expansion and acceleration of "information port"

in the strategic deployment of Shanghai's information construction and development, the information industry has always been closely related to information infrastructure, information technology application, and information resource development and utilization, and has been promoted in a coordinated manner as a whole

in 1994, Shanghai took the lead in putting forward the concept of "information port" in China. In July, 1996, the Shanghai Information Port project, consisting of "1520" (a high-speed and large-capacity information transmission network platform, five key backbone application projects such as Shanghai information exchange and international economic and trade electronic data exchange, involving more than 20 information systems in all walks of life), was launched. In 2000, the main project of Shanghai Information Port (including 7 subprojects including intensive information pipeline, broadband IP Metropolitan Area, Unicom data, telecom broadband transformation, two-way transformation of cable television, broadband information interaction center, and Supercomputing Center) was listed as the "No. 1 project" of the major municipal construction of that year. It was fully completed in 2001, initially forming an information and communication service capacity that meets the requirements of economic and social operation

since then, Shanghai has continuously optimized its information infrastructure, promoted the digitalization, broadband and wide coverage of the city's information and communication network, and gradually evolved to the next generation network. At present, nearly half of the families in the city have broadband access; The export bandwidth of international interconnection has increased from 1500 trillion in 2000 to 60g at the end of 2007, and 10 international sea optical cables have landed in Shanghai

the continuous reduction of Internet access costs and the continuous increase of bandwidth have given birth to many emerging Internet information service formats. Shanda, Ctrip, 51job and other enterprises occupy a leading position in domestic related fields; At the same time, the e-commerce application environment in Shanghai is becoming more and more perfect, and the industrial third-party B2B e-commerce trading platform is developing rapidly. The trading volume of e-commerce enterprises has increased nearly 10 times in the past five years, reaching 242.6 billion yuan in 2007, ranking the top in the country. (Municipal Information Commission)

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